Nijmegen

000087
  • Author: Braun & Hogenberg
  • Date: 1572
  • Medium: Hand-colored copperplate engraving
  • Condition: Very good
  • Inches: 19" x 14 3/8"
  • Centimeters: 48.3 x 36.5
  • Price: $1,295.00
Description:

NOVIOMAGIVM sive Nouiomagu vulgo Nymmegen Inclyta quondam Francorum Regia Urbs Gelriae Primaria (Noviomagium or Noviomagu, commonly known as Nijmegen, famous city and, as a royal residence, once one of the first cities in Guelders), from Civitates Orbis Terrarum, ... Part 2. Cologne, 1575-1612.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The inhabitants of Nijmegen call their city the foundation of the whole Roman Empire, since it is one of the three towns chosen by Emperor Charlemagne as his royal residence. However this may be, it is certain that Nijmegen is a very old city, situated on the Rhine, which they call here the Waal, a broad and deep river. It has well-built and finely decorated houses and a large and properous population."

A view of Nijmegen from the right bank of the Waal. The left half of the plate is dominated by the impressive Valkhof palace, which stands on the site of an earlier fortress built by the Batavians, who lived in this area before the birth of Christ, and of a castle built by Charlemagne. In the city centre is the tall Gothic Sint-Stevenskerk. This imperial and Hanseatic city was going through a troubled phase in Braun and Hogenberg's time. In 1543 Nijmegen, together with Guelders, became Spanish as a result of the Treaty of Venlo. In 1579 the city joined the United Provinces and was besieged and captured in 1585 by the Spanish in the course of the Dutch Revolt. The Orange party did not suceed in recapturing Nijmegen until 1591.

Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.166.
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