- Author: Athanasius Kircher
- Date: 1665
- Medium: Hand-colored copperplate engraving
- Condition: Excellent
- Inches: 14" x 23"
- Centimeters: 35.90 x 58.97
- Price: Sold
Systema Ideale Quo Exprimitur Aquarum. From Mundus subterraneus
Athanasius Kircher was a celebrated Jesuit Scholar and one of the first compilers of the semi-scientific knowledge about the physical features of the earth. During a visit to southern Italy in 1638, Kircher explored crated of Mount Vesuivius. Shortly before an eruption he found an opportunity to examine the inside. Mundus subterraneus is a collection of vividly illustrated depictions of various geological features of the Earth, as well as celestial bodies like the Sun and Moon. His interpretations were based on personal observations and beliefs about how the world's geological systems worked. He suggested the tides and currents of the ocean flowed though subterranean tunnels, and the mountains were the exposed skeletal structure of the Earth.
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