Northern France (Brittany and Normandy)

  • Author: Abraham Ortelius
  • Date: 1603
  • Medium: Hand-colored copperplate engraving
  • Condition: Very good
  • Inches: 12 1/4 x 18 7/8 plate mark
  • Centimeters: 31.41 x 48.40 plate mark
  • Price: $795.00

Title: CENOMANORVM Galliæ regionis, typus. Auctore Matthæo Ogerio (A map of the French region of the Cenomani by Mattheus Ogerius), BRITANNIAE ET NORMANDIAE TYPVS (A map of Bretagne and Normandy). From Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, Antwerp, 1603.

Left: A map of the French region of the Cenomani, which abuts Bretagne to the east. Right: A map of Bretagne and Normandy. The heading Neustria means "Western Lands".

At the bottom left of the map on the right we find a beautifully-drawn galleon with a smaller launch alongside. A translation of the text in the ocean above the ship reads: "The Britannic Ocean, in French Manche; in English Sleyfe: in German Kaniel, as if to say Canal, for it is a channel between France and England".

The Cenomani were a Gallic people, a branch of the Aulerci in Gallia Celtica. According to Caesar (Bell. Gall. vii.75.3), they lent a force of 5,000 men to Vercingetorix, the chieftain of the Arverni tribe who in 52 BC united the Gauls in an ultimately unsuccessful revolt against Roman forces during the last phase of Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars.

References: Van Den Broeke, Wikipedia article Cenomami
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